Classification Of Papilledema


  1. Hyperaemia, indistinct margins (lower pole first).
  2.  Blurring of peri-papillary retinal nerve fiber layer.
  3. Splinter haemorrhages in the peri-papillary region.
  4. Absence of SVP ( not always, may be absent in 20% of normal)



  1.  Obvious swelling, numerous haemorrhages.
  2. Engorged veins, obscuration of surface vessels.
  3. Paton’s lines, cotton wool spots, macular fan or star.



  1. Haemorrhages and exudates resolve.
  2. Disc has rounded appearance, milky gray colour.
  3. Obliteration of cup, NFL defects .



  1. Pale disc.
  2. Narrow and sheathed vessels.
  3. Peri-papillary pigmentary changes / choroidal folds.





what suggestion you want to give us?

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Powered by

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: